For those diagnosed with fibromyalgia, the nature of the disorder may be confusing at first. Many researchers theorize that fibromyalgia affects how the brain and spinal cord process nonpainful and painful symptoms.
According to Mayo Clinic, fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes widespread pain, fatigue, mood and memory issues.
What causes fibromyalgia?
Repeated nerve stimulation may cause the brain and spinal cord to change. The effects of the change include an increase of chemicals that signal pain to the brain. Additionally, the pain receptors may develop a memory of the pain and overreact to nonpainful and painful signals.
Women tend to be more prone to developing fibromyalgia. In families where one person has fibromyalgia, there is a high chance others may develop it. Some genetic mutations may lead to the development of the disorder.
Infections, emotional and physical events may also trigger fibromyalgia. Those who undergo prolonged psychological stress have a higher risk of fibromyalgia.
What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?
One of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia is widespread pain. The pain may be a dull ache and lasts for a minimum of three months. To be widespread pain, the pain must occur on both sides of the body. Most people with fibromyalgia sleep for losing periods but with disruptions from pain. In addition, no matter how long you sleep, you may wake up tired. Additionally, during your waking hours, you may experience brain fog and an inability to focus or pay attention to mental tasks.
In some cases, fibromyalgia affects your ability to function on the job or at home. In addition, it can result in depression and anxiety.